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Oracle 10g Unloading LONG and LONG RAW Datatypes

LONG and LONG RAW columns can be unloaded by the oracle_datapump access driver, however, that data can only be loaded back into the database as LOB fields. The following example demonstrates the unloading of LONG and LONG RAW datatypes.

  1. For all LONG or LONG RAW columns in the table being unloaded, define the corresponding columns in the external table as CLOB for LONG columns or BLOB for LONG RAW columns.

SQL> CREATE TABLE proj_tab
2 (
3 proj_no SMALLINT,
4 description LONG
5 );

Table created.

SQL> INSERT INTO proj_tab VALUES (1, 'Project to write an New Features book');

1 row created.

  1. To unload this data using the datapump, you must create an external table that contains a CLOB column to contain the data from the LONG column. When loading the external table, the to_lob operator must be used to convert the LONG column into a CLOB.

SQL> CREATE TABLE proj_tab_ext
2 ORGANIZATION EXTERNAL
3 (
4 TYPE ORACLE_DATAPUMP
5 DEFAULT DIRECTORY proj_dir
6 LOCATION ('proj_tab_ext.dmp')
7 )
8 AS SELECT proj_no, TO_LOB(description) description FROM proj_tab;

Table created.

  1. The unloaded data in the external table can now be used to create another table similar to the one that was unloaded, except the new table will contain a CLOB column instead of a LONG.

SQL> CREATE TABLE proj_lob_tab
2 AS SELECT * from proj_tab_ext;

Table created.

  1. After an operation of this sort you should always verify that the table was properly created.

SQL> SELECT * FROM proj_lob_tab;

KEY DESCRIPTION
--- ----------------------------------------------
1   Project to write an New Features book


Get the complete story:

The above text is an excerpt from "Oracle Database 10g New Features: Reference for Advanced Tuning and Administration", by Rampant TechPress.  Written by top Oracle experts, this book has a complete online code deport with ready to use scripts. 

To get the code instantly, click here:

http://rampant-books.com/book_2003_2_oracle10g.htm


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