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Oracle 10g Simplified Shared Server Configuration

In Oracle 10g, you no longer need to set as many initialization parameters for shared server environments. In fact, you only need to set one parameter if you are using TCP/IP as your communication protocol, and the rest of the settings are now managed internally.

Shared Server Initialization Parameters

The following initialization parameters in Oracle 10g control shared server operation:

shared_servers – This parameter specifies the initial number of shared servers to start and the minimum number of shared servers to keep. This is the only required parameter for using shared servers. Setting this to a non-zero value automatically specifies shared server.

max_shared_servers – This parameter specifies the maximum number of shared servers that can run simultaneously. Once shared server is initialized, the Oracle system will increase the number of shared servers up to this value as needed.

shared_server_sessions -- This parameter specifies the total number of shared server user sessions that can run simultaneously. Setting this parameter enables you to reserve user sessions for dedicated servers. For example, if the sessions parameter is set at 1000 and you set shared_server_sessions to 900, then 100 dedicated sessions are available, even if all 900 shared sessions are in use.

dispatchers – This parameter configures dispatcher processes in the shared server architecture. One dispatcher is always configured by default for the TCP/IP protocol, even if the parameter is not explicitly specified.

max_dispatchers – This parameter specifies the maximum number of dispatcher processes that can run simultaneously. According to the Oracle 10g manuals, this parameter can be ignored for now. It will only be useful in a future release when the number of dispatchers is auto-tuned, according to the number of concurrent connections.

circuits – This parameter specifies the total number of virtual circuits that are available for inbound and outbound network sessions.

Even though there are six initialization parameters, shared server is enabled by setting one parameter and is turned on if the shared_servers initialization parameter is set to a value greater than 0. This is all that is required. The other shared server initialization parameters do not need to be set. Because the shared server parameter requires at least one dispatcher to work, a dispatcher is brought up automatically even when no dispatcher has been configured.

Using SQL*Plus or OEM, the shared server features can be started dynamically by setting the shared_servers parameter to a nonzero value


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